Adjunctive treatments

Yoga and low back pain

Holtzman S, Beggs RT.  Yoga for chronic low back pain: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.  Pain Res Manag. 2013 Sep-Oct;18(5):267-72. Epub 2013 Jul 26.

Ward L, Stebbings S, Cherkin D, Baxter GD.  Yoga for functional ability, pain and psychosocial outcomes in musculoskeletal conditions: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  Musculoskeletal Care. 2013 Dec;11(4):203-17. doi: 10.1002/msc.1042. Epub 2013 Jan 9.

Mindfulness and QiGong

Lauche R, Cramer H, Dobos G, Langhorst J, Schmidt S.  A systematic review and meta-analysis of mindfulness-based stress reduction for the fibromyalgia syndrome.  J Psychosom Res. 2013 Dec;75(6):500-10. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2013.10.010. Epub 2013 Oct 26.

Lauche R, Cramer H, Häuser W, Dobos G, Langhorst J.  A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Qigong for the Fibromyalgia Syndrome.  Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013;2013:635182. Epub 2013 Oct 31.

Alexander Technique

Little P, Lewith G, Webley F, Evans M, Beattie A, Middleton K, Barnett J, Ballard K, Oxford F, Smith P, Yardley L, Hollinghurst S, Sharp D.  Randomised controlled trial of Alexander technique lessons, exercise, and massage (ATEAM) for chronic and recurrent back pain.  BMJ. 2008 Aug 19;337:a884. doi: 10.1136/bmj.a884.

Tai Chi

Yan JH, Gu WJ, Sun J, Zhang WX, Li BW, Pan L.  Efficacy of Tai Chi on pain, stiffness and function in patients with osteoarthritis: a meta-analysis.  PLoS One. 2013 Apr 19;8(4):e61672. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0061672.


Lam M, Curry P.  Effectiveness of Acupuncture for Nonspecific Chronic Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.  Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Nov 15;38(24):2124-38. doi: 10.1097/01.brs.0000435025.65564.b7.

Lee JH, Choi TY, Lee MS, Lee H, Shin BC, Lee H.  Acupuncture for acute low back pain: a systematic review.  Clin J Pain. 2013 Feb;29(2):172-85. doi: 10.1097/AJP.0b013e31824909f9.

Treatment of herniated cervical disc

Gebremariam L, Koes BW, Peul WC, Huisstede BM.  Evaluation of treatment effectiveness for the herniated cervical disc: a systematic review.  Spine (hila Pa 1976). 2012 Jan 15;37(2):E109-18.