Physical Examination

Malik KM, Cohen SP, Walega DR, Benzon HT. Diagnostic criteria and treatment of discogenic pain: a systematic review of recent clinical literature. Spine J. 2013 Nov;13(11):1675-89. doi: 10.1016/j.spinee.2013.06.063. Epub 2013 Aug 28. The abstract of this article is available here:


Hutting N, Scholten-Peeters GG, Vijverman V, Keesenberg MD, Verhagen AP. Diagnostic Accuracy of Upper Cervical Spine Instability Tests: A Systematic Review. Phys Ther. 2013 Jul 25. [Epub ahead of print] A link to this study can be found here:


Hutting N, Verhagen AP, Vijverman V, Keesenberg MD, Dixon G, Scholten-Peeters GG. Diagnostic accuracy of premanipulative vertebrobasilar insufficiency tests: A systematic review. Man Ther. 2013 Jun;18(3):177-82. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2012.09.009. Epub 2012 Nov 3. A link to this study can be found here:


Hanchard NC, Lenza M, Handoll HH, Takwoingi Y. Physical tests for shoulder impingements and local lesions of bursa, tendon or labrum that may accompany impingement. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Apr 30;4:CD007427. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007427.pub2. A link to this study can be found here:


Reiman MP, Goode AP, Hegedus EJ, Cook CE, Wright AA. Diagnostic accuracy of clinical tests of the hip: a systematic review with meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2012 Nov 7. [Epub ahead of print] A link to this study can be found here:


Cook CE, Wilhelm M, Cook AE, Petrosino C, Isaacs R. Clinical tests for screening and diagnosis of cervical spine myelopathy: a systematic review. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 2011 Oct;34(8):539-46. doi: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2011.08.008. Epub 2011 Sep 6. A link to this study can be found at:


van der Windt DA, Simons E, Riphagen II, Ammendolia C, Verhagen AP, Laslett M, Devillé W, Deyo RA, Bouter LM, de Vet HC, Aertgeerts B. Physical examination for lumbar radiculopathy due to disc herniation in patients with low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Feb 17;(2):CD007431. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD007431.pub2. A link to the abstract of this study can be found here:


Szadek KM, van der Wurff P,  van Tulder MW, Zuurmond WW, Perez RSGM. Diagnostic Validity of Criteria for Sacroiliac Joint Pain: A Systematic Review.  The Journal of Pain. 2009;10(4):354-368. The abstract of this article is available at: