Papers with NCOR members as authors or collaborators

The following are published articles and research that have involved members of NCOR as authors or co-authors, or were written in collaboration with members of NCOR.


Froud R, Fawkes C, Foss J, Underwood M, Carnes D. Responsiveness, Reliability, and Minimally Important and Minimal Detectable Changes of 3 Electronic Patient-Reported Outcome Measures for Low Back Pain: Validation Study. J Med Internet Res 2018;20(10):e272. doi: 10.2196/jmir.9828. Available online at

Carnes D, Plunkett A, Ellwood J, Miles C. Manual therapy for unsettled, distressed and excessively crying infants: a systematic review and meta-analyses. BMJ Open 2018;8:e019040. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019040. Available online at

Carnes D, Mars T, Plunkett A, Nanke L, Abbey H, 2017. A mixed methods evaluation of a third wave cognitive behavioural therapy and osteopathic treatment programme for chronic pain in primary care (OsteoMAP). International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 2017 Mar. doi: 10.1016/j.ijosm.2017.03.005. Available online at

Carnes D, 2016. What can osteopaths learn from concerns and complaints raised against them? A review of insurance and regulator reports. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 2016 Dec;22:3-10. doi: 10.1016/j.ijosm.2016.07.002. Available online at

Taylor SJ, Carnes D, Homer K, Kahan BC, Hounsome N, Eldridge S, Spencer A, Pincus T, Rahman A, Underwood M. 2016. Novel Three-Day, Community-Based, Nonpharmacological Group Intervention for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain (COPERS): A Randomised Clinical Trial. PLoS Med. 2016 Jun 14;13(6):e1002040. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002040. Available online at

Fawkes C, Carnes D, Froud R. 2016. Collecting patient reported outcome data in clinical practice. European Journal of Integrated Medicine 2016;8(4):591. doi: 10.1016/j.eujim.2016.07.014. Available online at

Bradbury K, Al-Abbadey M, Carnes D, Dimitrov BD, Eardley S, Fawkes C, Foster J, Greville-Harris M, Harvey JM, Leach J, Lewith G, MacPherson H, Roberts L, Parry L, Yardley L, Bishop FL. 2016. Non-specific mechanisms in orthodox and CAM management of low back pain (MOCAM): theoretical framework and protocol for a prospective cohort study. BMJ Open. 2016 May 27;6(5):e012209. Available online at

Cross V, Leach CM, Fawkes CA, Moore AP. 2015. Patients’ expectations of osteopathic care: a qualitative study. Health Expect. 2015 Oct;18(5):1114-26. Available online at (PDF)

Fawkes C, Ward E, Carnes D. 2015. What evidence is good evidence? A masterclass in critical appraisal. Int J Osteopath Med. 2015;18:116–129. doi: 10.1016/j.ijosm.2015.01.002. Available online at

Fawkes C, Froud R, Carnes D. 2015. Measuring patient outcome using data capture by mobile app. Trials. 2015; 16(Suppl 1): P27. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-16-S1-P27. Available online at

Fawkes C, Leach C, Mathias S, Moore A. A profile of osteopathic care in private practices in the United Kingdom: a national pilot using standardised data collection. Man Ther. 2014; 19(2):125-30 doi: 10.1016/j.math.2013.09.001. Available online at

Fawkes C, Ward E, Carnes D. 2014. Clinical audit in osteopathic practice: A Masterclass. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine 2013;17(2):110-118. doi: 10.1016/j.ijosm.2013.09.001. Available online at

Rushton AB, Fawkes CA, Carnes D, Moore AP. 2014. A modified Delphi consensus study to identify UK osteopathic profession research priorities. Manual Therapy 2014 Oct;19(5):445-452. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2014.04.013. Available online at

Mars T, Ellard D, Carnes D, Homer K, Underwood M, Taylor SJ. 2013. Fidelity in complex behaviour change interventions: a standardised approach to evaluate intervention integrity. BMJ Open. 2013 Nov 15;3(11):e003555. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003555. Available online at

Leach CM, Mandy A, Hankins M, Bottomley LM, Cross V, Fawkes CA, Fiske A, Moore AP. 2013. Patients’ expectations of private osteopathic care in the UK: a national survey of patients. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 May 31;13:122. Available online at (PDF)

Carnes D, Taylor SJ, Homer K, Eldridge S, Bremner S, Pincus T, Rahman A, Underwood M. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a novel, group self-management course for adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain: study protocol for a multicentre, randomised controlled trial (COPERS). BMJ Open. 2013 Jan 28;3(1). pii: e002492. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002492. Available online at

Carnes D, Homer K, Underwood M, Pincus T, Rahman A, Taylor SJC. 2013. Pain management for chronic musculoskeletal conditions: the development of an evidence-based and theory-informed pain self-management course. BMJ Open 2013;3:e003534 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003534. Available online at

Foell J, Carnes D, Homer K, Taylor S. 2013. Developing and implementing electronic search strategies to recruit patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain in primary care databases. Prim Health Care Res Dev. 2014 Jul;15(3):234-43. doi: 10.1017/S1463423613000248. Available online at

Fawkes C, Leach J, Mathias S, Moore A. 2013. Profiling osteopathic practice in the UK using standardised data collection. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine 2013 Mar;16(1):e10. doi: 10.1016/j.ijosm.2013.01.006. Available online at

Carnes D, Homer KE, Miles CL, Pincus T, Underwood M, Rahman A, Taylor SJ. 2012. Effective delivery styles and content for self-management interventions for chronic musculoskeletal pain: a systematic literature review. Clinical Journal of Pain. 2012 May;28(4):344-54. doi: 10.1097/AJP.0b013e31822ed2f3. Available online at

Carnes D, Mars TS, Mullinger B, Froud R, Underwood M. Adverse events and manual therapy: a systematic review. Manual Therapy 2010 Aug;15(4):355-363. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2009.12.006. Available online at

Fawkes C, Leach J, Mathias S, Moore A. 2010. Development of a standardised data collection (SDC) tool to profile osteopathic practice in the United Kingdom. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine 2013 Mar;16(1):e10. doi: 10.1016/j.ijosm.2010.07.015. Available online at

Carnes D, Mullinger B, Underwood M. 2010. Defining adverse events in manual therapies: a modified Delphi consensus study. Manual Therapy 2010 Feb;15(1):2-6. doi: 10.1016/j.math.2009.02.003. Available online at

Strutt R, Shaw Q, Leach J. 2008. Patients’ perceptions and satisfaction with treatment in a UK osteopathic training clinic. Manual Therapy 2008 Oct;13(5):456-67. Available online at

You may also want to read these related publications: